Cañada de Agra is a district located six miles south of the town of Hellin, along the road that links Hellín with Nava de Campaña. It is a town of colonization declared of Cultural Interest, noted for the brilliance and success in developing its architectural approach. The quality of execution of homes, spatial richness of its public spaces and thoughtful landscaping make this town a vibrant place enjoying a good condition. In this village is achieved, with simple construction systems, achieve durable finishes and high technical and aesthetic quality.
The construction of this settlement was commissioned by the National Institute of Colonization for canal irrigation area Hellin, in November 1957. The architect José Luis Fernández del Amo was responsible for shaping the project in 1962, and his performance will mark a before and after in the architecture of the villages of colonization. Includes 80 settler homes homestead with their farm buildings and 24 worker housing settlers. These homes must be added the church vestry, baptistry, store, Local office and Catholic Action; school and three houses for teachers. The village is surrounded by a ring road that separates the town itself from the plots and the hub of access to housing, projected in pouch to maintain a free central area of traffic destined to locate the various public buildings. This core is developed around a arcaded square with the council, clinical, building social and shops.
Housing Cañada Agra. Photo: Antonio Callejas Gallar.
South side and out of the core rural households are erected and Brotherhood Association, surveying an area of more complex. North of this same central area and in its highest rise of schools at different levels, with a setting of wooded areas. In another place collected west, on a dominant dimension, the parish is set, while units are grouped by blocks have to fit the contours of the land.
The foundations of the houses is plain concrete and the walls are of ordinary masonry on the ground floor, with stone grouted with cement mortar. Although planned in the original project whitewashing cement, finally chose to mix with soil, resulting terrizo color so characteristic of this poblado. The roads are asphalt, the steely paved with boulders and pine woodwork is painted green.
Church of Glen Agra. Photo: Antonio Callejas Gallar.
Special mention church, experimental piece that involved a large group of artists. The influence of the church of Ronchamp Le Corbusier can be seen on the ground, in resolving the case with a curved inside false ceiling and side lighting of the presbytery through the windows.
Antonio Failde carved the stone of San Isidro that remains on the outside and went Granda workshops wood carving of St. Joseph and the bas-relief representation of baptism. The windows of the chancel and the side of the ship were made by Antonio Hernández Carpe, who also addressed the tiling of the baptistery and the porch. Stands the altar with ceramic tile work Arcadio Blasco.